Introduction

Here we are sharing list of African countries by region followed by a list of interesting facts about African countries. For more information and facts about the regions and countries in the list, including where they are located and when they became a country, see the other pages of this section; all written in a kid-friendly format.

List of African Countries by Region

North Africa Countries List

 Algeria  Egypt  Libya  Morocco  South Sudan  Sudan  Tunisia  Western Sahara

East Africa Countries List

Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malaw

 

Mauritius Mayotte Mozambique Reunion Rwanda Seychelles Somalia Tanzania

 

Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe

West Africa Countries List

Benin Burkina Faso Cape Verde Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau

 

Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Saint Helena Senegal Sierra Leone & Togo

Central Africa Countries List

Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Chad Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon &Sao Tome and Principe

South Africa Countries List

Botswana Lesotho Namibia Swaziland South Africa

Interesting Facts about African Countries

  • Algeria is the largest African country and the tenth-largest country in the world. This country measures 919,595 square miles (2,381,741 square kilometers).
  • The 115-island country of Seychelles, located in the Indian Ocean, is the smallest African country. This country measures 176 square miles (455 square kilometers).
  • Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania is the highest point in Africa. It is 19,336 feet (5,894 meters) high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti it is 502 feet (153 meters) below sea level.
  • Egypt is home to the world’s first great civilization.
  • Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country.
  • Approximately ninety percent of Algeria is desert.
  • The Libyan desert is one of the most arid places in the world. This desert covers most of Libya.
  • Sudan was once the largest country in Africa (measured by total area), however when it split into Sudan and South Sudan in 2011 it became the third largest country in Africa. Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are now larger.
  • Tunisia is the northern most country on the African continent.
  • The African country Western Sahara has a very small population and is mostly desert flatlands.
  • The country of Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world.
  • In the 1950s African countries began to gain their independence from control by the Major European powers. In 1951 Libya gained independence from Italy; in 1956 both Tunisia and Morocco broke away from France; followed by Ghana in 1957. This became possible due to the weakened state of the major European powers after World War 2.
  • South Africa has become the African continents richest economy due to the abundance of mineral deposits found there. Along with such minerals as gold and platinum, diamonds are also mined there.

For decades a horrible civil war raged in Sudan which, in 2011, resulted in South Sudan gaining its independence. Approximately two and a half million people lost their lives during this conflict.